cerasiforme Irish Capsicum annuum var. The record derives from WCSP (in review) Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Capsicum annuum cultivars. Irish Homonyms Capsicum annuum L. Common names Aji de gallina in language. Insect pests may include aphids, Colorado potato beetles, cutworms, pepper maggots, red spider mite, slugs, snails and whiteflies. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Rank. Capsicums are cultivated worldwide and used in many 188 1753. It is an annual herb or short-lived perennial that can be used as a houseplant or interiorscape. © The Plant List 2013 — minimum (Miller) Heiser and Capsicum frutescens L. These are types of peppers that are cultivated or gathered to obtain the plant parts for medicinal use. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature. Common name of Capsicum is the name which changes with change in the regions. Tabasco Pepper, Cayenne pepper. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Voss Capsicum annuum var. Pinching plants when they are young can help promote bushiness. Capsicum is the common name for the fruits of the plant Capsicum annuum L. var. In Australia, New Zealand, India, Singapore and Hong Kong, heatless species are called "capsicums" while hot ones are called "chilli/chillies" (double L). The natural substance in peppers that gives them their heat is called capsaicin. The species encompasses a wide variety o shapes an sizes o peppers, baith mild an het, rangin frae bell peppers tae chili peppers. Capsicum annuum var. Capsicum Annuum peppers Cultivars are descendit frae the wild American … Seeds was brought to Europe and Capsicum annuum began to be planted extensively in Portuguese colonies in Africa, India and Asia. Although no reports have been seen for this species, many plants in this family produce toxins in their leaves. Capsicum is the name of a large group of peppers from sweet peppers to hot Habanero and Scotch bonnet peppers. Family. Small, solitary, axillary, white or greenish, 5-parted. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill – cayenne pepper, chilipiquin. Other studies have evaluated a role in weight loss, GI conditions, postoperative nausea, and rhinitis, although limited information for these uses is available. Full publication details for this name can be found in IPNI: http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:316944-2. cordiforme Edwall Capsicum annuum var. (data supplied on 2012-03-26) Dunal’s variety was based on Fingerhuth’s (1832) C. conoides rather than Miller’s species but Heiser & Pickersgill (1975) suggested that it is probably a synonym of C. frutescens . Capsicum L. Common Name: PEPPER: Genus Notes: A recent work treated C. frutescens as a synonym of C. annuum, suggesting the two cannot be reliably distinguished on available morphological characters (FOC, vol. 2016). Synonyms and common names Compact orange Capsicum plants The name given to the fruits varies between English-speaking countries. Capsicum frutescens L. Classification. which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Sp. GLABRIUSCULUM (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill, Baileya 19: 156. Solanaceae. Ají in language. The component capsaicin is an irritant and analgesic used in self-defense sprays, and in a variety of conditions associated with pain. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Capsicum CAUSES SEVERE PAIN IN THE MOUTH IF EATEN! Capsicum annuum var. Capsicum capsicum fruit and longitudinal section Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Subfamily: Solanoideae Tribe: Capsiceae Genus: Capsicum L. Species See text Capsicum is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae. In Australia, New Zealand, and India, heatless varieties are called "capsicums", while hot ones are called "chilli"/"chillies" (double L). Plants tolerate heat and drought well. Fruit edible when raw or cooked but can be quite hot. The common name is widely used everywhere. 17). Abbreviatum; fruits ovate, wrinkled, 2-5 cm long. Capsicum L. – pepper. annuum L. – cayenne pepper. annuum L.-5 (fruit) 2 μL Capsaicin ~0.1% in Methanol Reference materials used here have been authenticated by macroscopic, microscopic &/or TLC studies according to the reference source cited below held at Alkemists Laboratories, Costa Mesa, CA. Its species are native to the Americas, where they have been cultivated for thousands of years. Blossom-End Rot of Tomato, Pepper, and Watermelon. The species has no common names Synonym Author Capsicum longum: DC. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Capsicum annuum . Kingdom. Food Sci Technol Int 11(1):5–10 CrossRef Google Scholar How to Cite, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The New York Botanical Garden Virtual Herbarium, National Center for Biotechnology Information, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species, http://ipni.org/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:316944-2. Plant seeds in a sunny warm location in peat pots (3 seeds to a pot, thinning to 1 plant per pot) 6 to 8 weeks before transplanting into the garden after all danger of frost is past and night temperatures are consistently at or above 55 degrees F. Plant in full sun in fertile well-drained soil 18 to 24\" apart in rows 18 to 24\" apart. Capsicum annuum is a species o the plant genus Capsicum native tae soothren North Americae an northren Sooth Americae. oblongo-conicum. Terms and Conditions — Quick facts. conoide (Miller) Irish Capsicum annuum var. USDA hardiness. A shiny, tapered berry of various colors. Capsicum annuum L. var. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Pl. Peppers demand warm weather and dont like their roots disturbed. TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. This species is the maist common an extensively cultivatit o the five domesticatit capsicums. acuminatum: Fingerhuth: Capsicum annuum var. All varieties are edible, even those used primarily for aesthetics. annuum. The name given to the Capsicum fruits varies between English-speaking countries. … Capsicum annuum L. var. This name was in version 1 of The Plant List, record kew-2698415. Only Capsicum frutescens L. and Capsicum annuum L. are in the GRAS. Bell peppers are used in salads and in cooked dishes and are high in vitamin A and vitamin C. The large furrowed fruits are technically berries and can be green, red, yellow, or orange. Capsicum annuum L. Family Name: Solanaceae: Common Name: ... Common Names: Classifications and Characteristics. Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious problems. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 8 cm in length, ovate to oblong to lanceolate, with an acuminate leaf apex and an entire leaf margin. Most of the ornamental types (such as Black Pearl) are hot rather than sweet or mild. frutescens (L.) Kuntze. Mulching between plants is useful. Direct Children: Variety. longum (de Candolle) Sendtner: Capsicum grossum Bell pepper, (Capsicum annuum), also called sweet pepper or capsicum, pepper cultivar in the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its thick, mild fruits. Their popularity continues to grow across the world due to their ease of cultivation, frequently sharp taste and attractive appearance. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Subordinate Taxa. Cayenne, chili, sweet or red pepper FAMILY. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to glabriusculum (Dunal)Heiser & Pickersgill - BIRD PEPPER Citation CAPSICUM ANNUUM Linnaeus, var. Capsicum annuum var. Plantae – Plants. Variety. Specimen: Hence, scientific name of Capsicum is used worldwide. Burning or stinging of lips, tongue and throat; nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea; burning sensation of the eyes and skin; blistering after prolonged exposure. conicum (G.Mey.) Capsicum annuum. N.C. Capsicum annuum (Longum group) NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Scientific Name and Common Name. Capsicum annuum var. Many varieties are eaten as vegetables, condiments, and spices. Capsicum frutescens - L. Common Name. oblongo-conicum without any description, basing it on Dunal’s variety C. conoides var. Plant Division: Angiosperms (Flowering Seed Plants) (Dicotyledon) Plant Growth Form: Herbaceous Plant: Lifespan (in Singapore) Perennial: Mode of Nutrition: Autotrophic: The following databases may contain further information on this name. According to the EPPO global database, Aleurotrachelus trachoidesis a pest of over 70 different crops worldwide, of which nine are major hosts: Apium graveolens L. (celery), Capsicum annuum L. (sweet pepper), Capsicum frutescens L. (chili pepper), Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Name Authority; Capsicum annuum var. The Longum group includes chili peppers and cayenne peppers. Biber in Turkish Cayenne pepper in language. Known Hazards. There are more than 200 common names in use for this species. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. datasets have provided data to the NBN Atlas for this species.. Browse the list of datasets and find organisations you can join if you are interested in participating in a survey for species like Capsicum annuum L. CAFR7. Capsicum annuum L. Images from the web. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day). Species. This species contains the following infraspecific taxa*. They are edible but quite hot. Solanaceae Description. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Capsicum annuum L.. Common Names: Hot Pepper, Bird Pepper, Chili Pepper, Sweet Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Bell Pepper Family: Solanaceae Habit: Capsicum annuum grows as a pubescent annual or perennial to 2 m in height. The most common include chilli pepper, paprika (sweet varieties); bell pepper, cayenne, halapenos, chitlepin (hot varieties); and Christmas peppers (ornamental). Acero-Ortega C, Dorantes-Alvarez L, Hernández-Sánchez H, Gutiérrez-López G, Aparico G, Jaramillo-Flores ME (2005) Evaluation of phenylpropanoids in ten Capsicum annuum L. varieties and their inhibitory effects on Listeria monocytogenes Murray, Webb and Swann Scott A. Avoi… Cufodontis (1963) published his variety C. annuum L. var. 2 μL Capsicum annuum var. To return to The Plant List: please use your browser's back button to return to this page. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Potential diseases include bacterial and fungal leaf spot, mosaic virus, root rot, blossom end rot, and wilt. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. (sweet potato), Nicotiana tabacum L. (tobacco), Persea americana Mill. This approach would likely necessitate synonymization of C. chinense and C. galapagoense (Carrizo García et al. The ornamental pepper plant (botanical name: Capsicum annuum) is grown as an annual plant indoors, although it's a perennial when grown in the correct conditions. 1975. Use in the landscape in vegetable gardens, containers, window boxes, or as a tender, herbaceous annual bedding plant. Synonyms and common names Edit. Common Names. fasciculatum (Sturtev.) Other resources. 8-11. annuum: Linnaeus: Capsicum annuum var. Ornamental Capsicum Annuum typically have unique and unusually-colored fruit as well as foliage with such notable colors as black and purple. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Please click on any button to follow a link to that database. Do not permit seedlings or plants to suffer from low temperature or drought. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Capsicum annuum L. Capsicum annuum L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Capsicum (family Solanaceae). Capsicum annuum L. – cayenne pepper. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-26) which reports it as an accepted name with … Capsicum Botanical name. (family Solanaceae). Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Distribution and habitat: Capsicum annuum is a species native to southern North America and northern South America. The common name of Christmas pepper was given to the plant because many are sold during December and the red colorful fruits provide a festive appearance. Capsicum annuum L. – cayenne pepper. Common Name: Sweet Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Chili Pepper, Christmas Pepper, Red Pepper, Ornamental Chili Pepper: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-11: Known Hazards: Pungent-fruited peppers may cause painful irritation when used in excess, or after accidental contact with the eyes.
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