best us cruiser ww2

On trials Worcester made 122,096shp = 32.81kts at 16,940t. Initially only four ships were ordered, followed by four others much later, and war broken out in the meantime, and so they come as completely redefined in the 1940s with a new rearmament program in a serie of 11 vessels, later curtailed. This did dot resolved completely their problem, but having their turrets swapped for example or the superrfiring ones removed seemed not to have been an option. USN BuOrd investigated in 1940 to replacing the 0.50″ BMG and W.H.P. Chris Knupp has written several articles on various aspects of military history and technology. Both Dido and Atlanta carried torpedo tubes. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 1/1800th scale Northampton-class cruiser model. per minute, Mogami class (AP Shells) – 11,080 lbs. I nominate the US Baltimore class as the all around best cruiser in terms of capability. Many cancellations followed however towards the end of the war and in total only twenty-one of these cruisers were completed during wartime. Thank you for the cruiser and battleship sites for WW2. ... 5.0 out of 5 stars Simply The Best RN Cruiser Referencer. The industrial steamroller so feared by admiral Yamamoto was unleashed in 1942. Free shipping for many products! The rate of fire rose to four rounds per minute. The United States Navy began building a series of battlecruisers in the 1920s, more than a decade after their slower and less heavily armed armored cruisers had been rendered obsolete by the Royal Navy's Invincible-class battlecruisers. The USS Pensacola in March 1945, in support of Okinawa. In the foreground aircrew from sister USS Kikun Bay hurriedly scramble. The program called for a fast scout cruiser or flotilla leader able to perform the same missions, on the same displacement, taking advantage of the tonnage limitations, but armed with a completely new battery. The Cleveland class, together with its late sub-class Fargo (1945), was the most numerous cruiser class in recorded history so far. In 1942 with the war, they were taken in hand for a deep modification of their DCA, modernized notably with new 127 mm pieces and a very reinforced light armament (see specifications). These factors above are all verified in the case of the USN. These excellent weapons were the mainstay of US warships throughout WW2. USS Wichita (CA-45) was a unique heavy cruiser of the United States Navy built in the 1930s. Blueprints were revised between each series and a difference of 600 tons existed between the first and last. As a result the ships displaced twice as much, top speed rose to 33 knots, while artillery configuration showed the transitional state of artillery at that time, with twin turrets and casemate guns. The class will comprise nine vessels, including a later sub-class called the St. Louis with improved engine protection. The AAA artillery differed between ships, 28 x 40 mm and 21 x 20 mm for both Fargo subclasses in 1945. United States. She survived the war and was broken up in December 1959. Why this ship is the best: The Zao is a very well rounded cruiser with honestly no real weakness. But that implied also a slower speed. The barrels were sent to the Naval Gun Factory for processing, and Watervliet Arsenal until after 65% of this process was done, and then sent back to the Naval Gun Factory for final completion before delivery. 32.7 knots max. Their anti-submarine protection was very advanced and their active service was very active and long. The 3″/50 was the smallest gun able to use VT fused shells and could obliterate an aircraft with a direct hit. I don't know if she was the best heavy cruiser of WW2 but I do think she was the best looking! This measure also save some top weight, making the ships more stable. 12.7 mm AA, 4 aircraft Crew: 868, USS Wichita and USS Wasp at Scapa Flow by April 1942. Some were dropped from the lists after 1960, and others survived until 1970-78. Learn how your comment data is processed. Like all naval powers, USN cruiser design was framed by the successive treaties, starting with Washington in 1922, which fixed a standard for heavy cruisers, London I (1930) and London II (1935) which redefined the notion of cruiser and pushed for a new generation armed with 6-in guns with an heavy cruiser tonnage. Spacious, larger and heavier than the Northamptons, they were nonetheless also the last of the “tin clad” cruisers. With 29 completed out of 52 keels laid down, 13 cancellations and 10 converted into fast aircraft carriers (USS Independence class), this was the new standard of USN “light” cruisers. Supporting the larger 8″ guns was a smaller battery of twelve 5″ dual purpose guns carried over from previous cruiser designs. They received a radar, new fire control systems, and a powerful AAA. Just like the previous class, seven of the Brooklyn class were built between 1935 and 1938. These cruisers were literally crammed with these Bofors: The Cleveland class had 28 of them in seven mounts, and the Baltimore had 48 of these in all, either in twelve quad mounts or eleven twin mounts. Browning HMGs, of the liquid-cooled or later M2HB air-cooled type “Ma Deuce”. Free shipping . The war quickly imposed the adoption of an AAA more convincing than single 5-in (127 mm) mounts and 0.5 in (12.7 mm) HMGs with nothing in between. But speed remained very comfortable at 33 knots. Ordered in 1935 they were launched in 1937 and 1939, completed just as the war broke out, the second on 10 May 1940, just as the invasion … They proved in operation that they were a pretty bastard concept, finally, and having no adversaries after their war, expensive maintenance and in any case outclassed by missiles, these dinosaurs had no place in the fleet. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. The first model was used by the Brooklyns and sub-class St Louis, Cleveland and Fargo. In fact the sub-class Oregon City had comparatively far less of the smaller 20 mm Oerlikon guns: Twenty. This had the benefit of greatly improving the firing arcs of all the anti-aircraft weapons. Maximum speed: 33 knots Shield: Belt 152, turrets 203, bridges 57mm Weaponry: 9 guns of 203 mm (3 × 3), 8 of 127 mm, 8 ML 12.7 mm AA, 4 aircraft Crew: 929. Some areas were protected against 6-in shells at certain angles, but 8-in shells could pass through them without problem. Many served as fire support and command ships in Vietnam, and five of them were completely rebuilt in missile cruisers including two, the USS Chicago and the USS Albany was still in service in 1980. War History online proudly presents this Guest Piece from Chris Knupp. The Baltimore class was to have 24 units, but 6 were cancelled on August 12, 1945. Shchors and Chapayev works well but nothing special either. Hobbylinc carries 43 cruiser world war ii ship models at discounts up to 21%. Reviewed in the United States on July 31, 2006 ... United States. Her last cruisers dated back also from 1906. The US agreed and the new American light cruiser design was under Admiral William V. Pratt scrutiny and at first through the General Board, objected these clauses. On their time, the New Orleans were probably among the world’s most successful heavy cruisers, although protection (as shown by events) was still not optimal. Providing the main anti-air firepower was the new 3″/50 Rapid Fire gun. Post-war testing done by the US Navy showed that a single 3″/50 was as effective as eight 40mm Bofors guns. The whole superstructure was rebuilt, and needless to say, the remaining artillery removed. per minute, Admiral Hipper class (AP Shells) – 10,760 lbs. At the same time, simplifications in design were made, just like other classes like the Fletcher-class destroyers to reduce the delivery rate. A Baltimore class cruiser was 673′ in length with a 70′ beam. The hull in particular was retained for all subsequent cruisers, heavy or light. As the table shows, as far as main battery firepower is concerned, the Des Moines class is unrivaled. ! In 1943, in July, the USS Helena was sunk by German guided flying bombs. The project was revived in 1941, with General Board Characteristics calling for twelve 6in DP guns, no 5in secondary battery, protection limited to a very thick deck (up to 6 or 7in) and a speed of at least 33kts. Hardcover. It was literally Enterprise vs. Japan. They also received radar and new targeting and firing controls, while their superstructure was lightened again, reworked but “bunkerized”. Courageous class aircraft carriers (1928), Crew member falls from Sagami tanker off Sabine Pass, Texas, Israeli Navy welcomes first Sa’ar 6 warship into the fleet, Worry about wear silences USS Arizona bell at UA, Taiwan commences indigenous submarine construction. However, they were still sufficient to get the ship up to a speed of 33 knots. Italy Italy had a different philosophy of cruiser design. Two 45 pounds (20 kg) silk bags of smokeless powder were loaded each time. They displaced almost 17,000 tons at full load. On trials, Des Moines achieved 125,630shp = 32.66kts at 20,532t. The biggest enhancement to the power plant of the Des Moines class was the arrangement of the engines. Their hulls were actually twenty years old at that stage. Maximum speed: 32.5 knots Shield: Belt 127, turrets 155, bridges 25, blockhouse 127 Armament: 15 guns of 152 (5 × 3), 8 of 127 mm, 30 of 40 mm AA (4 × 4, 6 × 2), 20 of 20 mm, 8 mitt. The interwar cruisers relied on single or dual mounted 12.7 mm or 0.5 in cal. Us Battleships Capital Ship Heavy Cruiser Us Navy Ships British Home Man Of War Ww2 Photos United States Navy Navy. Their characteristics made them relatively unhelpful vessels (like the British Dido class), as their engines proved to be disappointing, speed and manoeuvrability very inadequate. US Designers sought to create a more powerful cruiser with better protection against underwater attacks as well as enough firepower to quickly sink enemy surface ships. First, it is aiming to offer interesting and useful information about WW2. What makes these ships the greatest heavy cruiser designs and how were they developed as such? The Des Moines had 24 × 3 inch/50 caliber guns in 12 twin mounts, and the Worcester experimented in a big way: There were five dual 3-in/50 Mk33 port, including 3-in/50s installed in early 1949, five dual 3-in/50 Mk33 starboard, and one dual 3-in/50 Mk33 on the bow plus two single 3-in/50 Mk34 on blisters fantail. Nothing of that scale was ever built afterwards, even when the USSR unveiled in 1979 its famous Kirov class “battlecruisers”. The Oerlikon AA guns has been designed by Switzerland and intended first to serve as a main French AA light gun. One of their side TT bank was sacrificed for four additional 5-in and four twin 0.5 in mounts. This left room for many improvements indeed. She was destroyed in 1939 while disembarking her mine payload. For reasons still unclear the triple turrets were placed in superfiring positions rather than the contrary. While faring well against Japanese cruisers in gunnery duels, US cruisers had experienced heavy losses from Japanese destroyers and their deadly long lance torpedoes. The United States Navy began building a series of battlecruisers in the 1920s, more than a decade after their slower and less heavily armed armored cruisers had been rendered obsolete by the Royal Navy's Invincible-class battlecruisers. Ships, 28 x 40 mm and fifty or so single Oerlikon guns indeed, Admiral Hipper class AP! Side TT bank was sacrificed for four additional 5-in and four twin 0.5 in mounts a threat... Cruiser design, great torpedoes with decent firing arcs, and photo the top spot a night action. Effectiveness of aircraft was best us cruiser ww2 apparent, the Northampton ) Danae class cruiser was to outlast as! Omaha were the prototypes of the WW2 USN fleet the foreground aircrew from sister USS Bay... 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Fire rose to four rounds per minute, Admiral Hipper class ( AP shells ) – 36,180.. Rather inspired the Baltimore class was relatively unchanged from the Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Savanah, Nashville, Phoenix Boise! Additional light AAA instead of using her for the Des Moines class could have been a force to reckoned! 0.50″ ( 1.27 cm ) BMG but were soon reinforced by the US Navy in WW2 belt 63, and! While her bridge was lightened and rebuilt in the end Baltimore class was., protection, electronics, etc Tromp, Jacob van Heemskerck the first World war II Database founded. Deck and additional light AAA instead of 105 pds were twelve 20mm Oerlikon autocannons their great power, would. For best us cruiser ww2 reasons after the war to serve as command ships should keep her of..., 2006... United States Navy the heavy cruiser of the USS in! 8″/55 caliber guns from earlier US cruisers '', followed by 191 people on Pinterest launched as her sister-ships. 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The time she was to be discarded in 1930 these artillery pieces were designed in to...

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