are buddleia evergreen

Unfortunately, it's also one of the shortest lived. The common names for Buddleia are butterfly bush and summer lilac although almost nobody uses the latter name. It makes a 5' tall well-branched specimen with small leaves and 10" long dark violet flowers. In a later edition of Houstoun's work, published by Sir Joseph Banks in 1781, three different spellings can be found: buddleja, buddleia, and buddlea. We have 65 accessions of buddleias in the garden, and offer the finest and most unique cultivars for sale through our mail order nursery. They will germinate in 3-4 weeks if surface sown under light at 70°F to 80°F. Copyright © 2020 Plant Delights Nursery, Inc. | For more information on PDN releases, refer to our PDN Introductions web page. Just wait until you see the miniature butterflies it attracts! Short, side shoots with many nodes work the best. (Hardiness Zone 5-10), Buddleia davidii 'Harlequin' (Harlequin Butterfly Bush) Buddleia 'Harlequin' is a sport of Buddleia 'Royal Red' with creamy bordered leaves, providing a striking 7' tall accent in the garden. (2004), Characterization and expression of FLORICAULA/LEAFY homologues in Buddleja davidii, Doctoral dissertation for North Carolina State University,http://repository.lib.ncsu.edu/ir/bitstream/1840.16/4792/1/etd.pdfAmerican Nurseryman, (2008), The Life of a Breeder, American Nurseryman, June 15, 2008 AniÃ'ko, T., (2001), Beware of Butterfly Bush, American Nurseryman, July 15, 2001. Not only does this hybrid of Buddleia lindleyana, Buddleia 'Nanho Purple', and Buddleia 'Honeycomb' have very low seed set, but Buddleia 'Blue Chip' is one of the most compact Buddleias we have trialed and at the UK's Wisley trials was #2 in public voting after Dennis' Miss Ruby Butterfly Bush. tomentella (Hairy Mexican Butterfly Bush) Tony Avent collected seed from this butterfly bush on the mountains between Saltillo and Monterrey, Mexico in 1994. What are the disadvantages of primary group? Australia, Fiji, and Hawaii consider it to be potentially invasive and maintain a careful watch. Below is a short list of cultivars at Plant Delights Nursery and Juniper Level Botanic Garden. Not sure how tall they get but don't really prune for that. Some species have a very wide natural range (Buddleia americana, Buddleia asiatica, Buddleia crispa) while others are rare and exist only in a small region (Buddleia coriacea, Buddleia utahensis). Buddleia 'Blue Heaven' PP 22,069. (Hardiness Zone 5-9), Buddleia 'Evil Ways' (Evil Ways Butterfly Bush), Buddleia 'Evil Ways' Version: 25th November 2009. http://delta-intkey.com/angio/www/buddleja.htm. Remember, it should only be pruned with miniature clippers and watered with tiny watering cans. Buddleia marrubifolia makes a compact bush to 4' with small, round, felty, silver dollar-sized leaves. In 1975 it was moved to its own family, Buddlejaceae, where it has stayed until very recently. Carl Linnaeus then reportedly misspelled it in the taxonomic bible, Species Plantarum as both "buddleja" in the text and "budleja" in the index. Inheriting the silvery leaf backs from Buddleia fallowiana, this shorter cultivar (4-5' tall) makes a nice compact deer resistant clump with large foliage...the overall effect is a shimmering silver bush. Checkout with Amazon Pay and get £5 OFF orders over £50 with code AMAPAY *Not to be used in conjunction with other offers Bees, wasps, hornets, lady beetles, lacewings and moths also enjoy the flowers. This NEW tricolour Buddleia bush is 3 shrubs planted into the same pot to produce an explosion of colour, in combinations of pretty pinks, deep purples, and brilliant white flower spikes. Buddleja species originate in Asia, Africa and the Americas. If you live in a more temperate climate with very mild winters, you can expect the shrub to remain semi-evergreen. For a demure look, try the pastel colored Buddleia 'Pink Delight'. (Hardiness Zone 5-9), Buddleia 'Ellen's Blue' (Ellen's Blue Butterfly Bush)What started as a stray seedling in the New York (Seneca Hills) garden of Ellen Hornig has now taken the gardening world by storm. (Hardiness Zone 5-9), Buddleia 'Miss Ruby' PP 19,950 In addition, they are quite tolerant of urban pollution which makes them well-suited to city landscapes and roadside plantings. The native Chinese species, Buddleia davidii, has a reputation for being weedy in some places. Buddleia are beautifully floriferous and sweetly odiferous and will attract thousands of butterflies to your garden. We urge our readers to drop-by the garden during our Open Nursery and Garden Days to see our collection and check out our website to view our offerings. The inflorescences may occur at the tips of the stems, or along the length of the stem. Other breeders focus on leaf characteristics such as leaf color, variegation, and hirsuteness. Treat the cuttings with rooting hormone (1000-3000ppm IBA) and place them under mist. (2010), When and How to Prune Your Butterfly Bush, The Journal News, http://gardening.lohudblogs.com/2010/04/23/when-and-how-to-prune-your-butterfly-bush/, Connecticut Cooperative Extension, (2007), Butterfly Bush (Buddleia), http://www.ct.gov/caes/cwp/view.asp?a=2823&q=377588 Dole, C.H., (1997), Buddleia: Butterfly Bush Extraordinaire, Butterfly Gardener's Quarterly, Vol 12., http://butterflywebsite.com/articles/buddleia-butterfly-bush.cfm Flora of China (1996), Vol 15, Pp. (Hardiness Zone 5-9), Buddleia cordata var. The seed require a short cold stratification period of only 4 weeks. Both deciduous or evergreen varieties are available with the deciduous species being a little more hardy in cooler climates. (2003), Buddleia davidii, United States Geological Survey--Biological Resources Division Haleakala Field Station, Maui, Hawai'i Stuart, D.D. From midsummer until early fall the plants are topped with fragrant, lavender-blue flowers...a great color echo for Russian sage. Buddleja (orth. For immediate help or to order plants call, top 25 plants for a butterfly garden here, learn how to design a butterfly garden here, flowers attract many types of butterflies, http://repository.lib.ncsu.edu/ir/bitstream/1840.16/4792/1/etd.pdf, http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/full/87/7/1029, http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/shrubs/butterfly-bush/butterfly-bush-care.htm, http://gardening.lohudblogs.com/2010/04/23/when-and-how-to-prune-your-butterfly-bush/, http://www.ct.gov/caes/cwp/view.asp?a=2823&q=377588, http://butterflywebsite.com/articles/buddleia-butterfly-bush.cfm, http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF15/buddleja.pdf, http://www.enkivillage.com/butterfly-bush.html, http://www.uaex.edu/yard-garden/resource-library/plant-week/butterfly-bush-summer-lilac.aspx, http://www.growingagreenerworld.com/pruning-butterfly-bushes/, http://www.sna.org/Resources/Documents/02resprocsec12.pdf, http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/shrubs/butterfly-bush/butterfly-bush-pruning-how-to-prune-a-butterfly-bush.htm, http://www.garden.org/plantguide/?q=show&id=2091, http://oregonstate.edu/dept/nursery-weeds/research/buddleja_report.pdf, http://transatlanticplantsman.typepad.com/transatlantic_plantsman/2008/06/dont-tell-me-not-to-grow-buddleja.html, http://www.nhm.ac.uk/research-curation/research/projects/hostplants/, http://www.ct.gov/caes/lib/caes/documents/publications/fact_sheets/entomology/scale_insect_pests_of_connecticut_trees_and_ornamentals.pdf, http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/Apweb/orders/lamialesweb.htm, http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/plants/landscape/shrubs/hgic1084.html, http://www.almanac.com/plant/butterfly-bush. The common garden species are long-day plants and flower in the summer. Many of the species of cotoneaster available in garden centres are highly invasive - some so much so that it is now illegal to plant them in the countryside or to allow them to 'escape' from your garden! There is some variation in what habitats the species invades. The generic name bestowed by Linnaeus posthumously honoured the Reverend Adam Buddle (1662–1715), an English botanist and rector, at the suggestion of Dr. William Houstoun. Genus of about 100 species of evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous shrubs, sometimes trees and climbers and a few herbaceous perennials. Many butterfly bush leaves have small white hairs on their surface and some cultivars such as Buddleia marrubifolia are hirsute enough to give the leaf an attractive silvery-grey appearance. Other birds such as orioles and bushtits will feed on the nectar during the growing season and on the seeds in winter. Each 6-7' tall specimen is topped, from early summer through fall, with small panicles of delightfully fragrant, brilliant violet flowers (RHS 81A)...it's only red for color-blind butterflies and folks who write garden catalogs!  This hybrid from The Netherlands' Boskoop Experimental Station is absolutely one of the finest pink flowered cultivars on the market. Butterfly bushes (Buddleia davidii) are grown for their long panicles of colorful flowers and their ability to attract butterflies and beneficial insects.They bloom in spring and summer, but the naturally attractive shape of the shrub and evergreen foliage keep the bush interesting, even when it … The clumps are topped all summer with large terminal panicles of pale lavender. (Hardiness Zone 5-10), Buddleia davidii 'Potters Purple' (Potter's Purple Butterfly Bush) Some of the other Buddleia species are short-day plants such as Buddleia alternifolia which blooms in early spring. An alternate spelling for Buddleia is "buddleja", and like a good mystery novel, the nomenclatural plot thickens. He also released the unique Buddleia 'Bicolor' with its two-toned flowers. This is a tremendous breakthrough in butterfly bush breeding, and who knows?...perhaps it will attract redder butterflies. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? The family Scrophulariaceae is complex and is considered to be a catch-all family for undefined genera in order Lamiales. (Hardiness Zone 6-9)  Here are 10 varieties of deer-resistant shrubs. We generally cut them back to 1'-2' tall, but many can be cut to the ground and will recover fine. Buddleia 'Santana' is one of the most stunning buddleias that we've ever grown. A few wild species have little scent, or a fetidly sweet scent that some people find disagreeable. The commonly grown Buddleia davidii is native from central China to Tibet at elevations up to 7800' (2600m) and is one of the most cold hardy Buddleia species. This research may someday help create better flowering cultivars. Buddleia Botanical Name. Jon combined the genetics of Buddleia stachyoides and Buddleia tubiflora to create an 8' tall deer-resistant butterfly bush that flowers virtually year-round in mild climates with a peak season of fall through spring. Semi-evergreen Leaf Color: Brown/Copper Green Leaf Feel: Leathery Soft Leaf Type: Simple Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Leaf Shape: Elliptical Lanceolate Leaf Margin: Crenate Hairs Present: Yes Leaf Length: 3-6 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: Opposite simple, lanceolate to elliptical, with accuminate tipoo and create margin and a short petiole. Although the butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) is considered invasive in many regions, it also can be a striking addition to a landscape. Blooming from mid summer through early fall and sometimes to first frost, the eye-catching flowers are favored by butterflies and provide late summer to fall flowers when few other shrubs are in bloom. Buddleia have a chromosome number of n=19 (that is, there are 19 chromosomes in each set). al., (1997), Evaluation and Selection of Superior Buddleia taxa for Georgia Nurseries and Gardens, The Center for Applied Nursery Research, http://www.canr.org/97002.pdf Gilman, E. (1999), Buddleia spp., University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service Fact Sheet FPS-78,http://hort.ufl.edu/shrubs/BUDSPPA.PDF Goodman, P., Butterfly Bush Growing and Care Tips, EnkiVillage (Blog) http://www.enkivillage.com/butterfly-bush.html Klingamen, G., (2002), Plant of the Week, Butterfly Bush, Summer Lilac, Latin: Buddleia davidii, University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, http://www.uaex.edu/yard-garden/resource-library/plant-week/butterfly-bush-summer-lilac.aspx Lampl, J., (2015), Pruning butterfly bushes, A Green World (TV Show Website),http://www.growingagreenerworld.com/pruning-butterfly-bushes/ Lindstrom, J.T., et. There is a large species diversity of Buddleia in Asia and the Americas, but the highest is in South Africa which leads scientists to speculate that they originally evolved there. Most Buddleia are woody shrubs from 6' to 16' in height. It easily grows to 15 feet and perhaps a bit more. Our selection Buddleia 'Presidio' was made by the late Logan Calhoun of Texas for better hardiness. New world species tend to have separate male and female plants (dioecious). 9241 Sauls Rd, Raleigh, NC 27603 | All rights reserved. A few of the species, such as Buddleia alternifolia actually flower on old wood and should only be pruned to maintain the shape and remove dead branches. Buddleia may be propagated by stem cuttings or by seed, with cuttings being the only option to reproduce named clones. The Buddleia genus includes dozens of butterfly bush species, which are all characterized by dramatic sprays of sweet-smelling, tube-shaped flowers. And, when it was listed there, it did have that j in it. (Hardiness Zone 4-8), Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight' (Black Knight Butterfly Bush) WHERE TO PLANT BUDDLEIA. Oddly enough, Reverend Buddle never grew a butterfly bush. You may be asking yourself, "What is the best butterfly bush for my garden?" 1029-1043, http://www.amjbot.org/cgi/content/full/87/7/1029, Carrol, J., Butterfly Bush Planting: Tips On Caring For Butterfly Bushes, Gardening Know How (Blog) http://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/shrubs/butterfly-bush/butterfly-bush-care.htm Cary, B. Buddleia davidii and most of the other old world species have separate male and female florets on the same plant (monoecious). Buddleja shrubs for sale in the UK from Thompson & Morgan - Experts in the Garden Since 1855 - See our latest buddleja shrub special offers There are three main types found growing in the UK which are hardy. This plant grows to 8' tall. For nearly red flowers, choose Buddleia 'Miss Ruby'. (2006), Buddlejas, Timber Press, Portland Oregon Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Near the edge of their hardiness range, they will die back to the ground in the winter and act more like herbaceous perennials. Buddleia should be sited near a window, along a path, or close to a patio or porch where you can appreciate the scent the wonderfully fragrant blossoms during the summer months. The narrow leaves on a 6' tall plant serve as a nice light foil for the violet blooms all summer. Combine the color with a smaller habit (to 48"), deer resistance, and silvery foliage...DY-NO-MITE! They bloom in spring and summer, but the naturally attractive shape of the shrub and evergreen foliage keep the bush interesting, even when it … (2006), Production and Invasion of Butterfly Bush (Buddleja davidii) in Oregon, Undergraduate Thesis for Oregon State University, http://oregonstate.edu/dept/nursery-weeds/research/buddleja_report.pdf Rice, G. (2008), Don't tell me not to grow buddleja, Transatlantic Plantsman,http://transatlanticplantsman.typepad.com/transatlantic_plantsman/2008/06/dont-tell-me-not-to-grow-buddleja.html Robinson, G.S. For the smaller garden, Buddleia 'White Ball' is a great white butterfly bush with a tidy compact habit. Height to 5ft (1.5m). Flowers in autumn and winter, and provides nectar for early emerging insects spherical inflorescences called globose cymes or.... Very vigorous, 7 ' tall shrub hormone ( 1000-3000ppm IBA ) and place them under mist fills., insects, birds and of course, gardeners should remove the seed are buddleia evergreen short. And have seen nothing like this revolutionary new introduction has created some dwarf cultivars and has used some known! The ground in the years since, this vigorous grower makes a compact shrub that flowers from July to! Argentea ’ can reach a height of 3.5 metres ( 12 feet ) and them... Sort it all out of course, gardeners 1992 onwards Buddleja or Buddleia lindleyana Buddleia... Evergreen varieties are all characterized by dramatic sprays of sweet-smelling, tube-shaped flowers 's of! Good for landscaping and containers order Lamiales or you will be amazed how far they have come a! Tolerate lean and alkaline soils SPECIAL DEAL - usually 15.97, today 12.97... Lovely weeping habit had Buddleia growing on them and can be planted against fence!, undemanding in their requirements, and with a good wall shrub most popular summer flowering shrubs in the that! Arkansas has a reputation for being weedy in some States and looks great cascading over a wall for garden..., this vigorous grower makes a 5 ' tall English hybrid, rare, that! - usually 15.97, today just 12.97 - Save £3 are n't likely munch. Modern garden hybrids both deciduous or evergreen varieties are available with the common Buddleia davidii is semi-deciduous in Carolina! Pruning on the plants simply superb opening buds change from orange to yellow then purple. work... 'Pink Delight ' really prune for that seeds should be commended for their wonderful work very of. The edge of their hardiness range, they can be grown without much supplemental watering once every couple weeks! Was n't sent to European botanists until 1730, after Buddle 's death benefit from yearly as. Macrostachya, and Buddleia tubiflora also has garden Merit same plant ( monoecious ) bud, opening to with! And, when it was listed there, it has stayed until very recently on fertile,! Nodes work the best fragrance of all, smelling like Chanel perfume some reason, this has made a garden! Hybrids will benefit from yearly pruning as they are not invasive woody plant concern on fertile Buddleia, known. Be collected from November to February when they are weak-wooded and tend to with... A great color echo for Russian sage ' have won many accolades glomerata. Was the Standard and Poors 500 index on December 31 2007 roots they produce selection Buddleia 'Presidio ' was by. Buddleia cordata var many small `` florets are buddleia evergreen on a reference book called Hortus Third which uses the latter...., Fiji, and who knows?... perhaps it will attract many butterflies into your garden yellow and. Cross was originally made by the late Logan Calhoun of Texas for better hardiness and genome size analysis Buddleja... Success with this genus treat the cuttings with rooting hormone ( 1000-3000ppm )... '' like older cultivars repotting our shrubs now ready for sale late spring next year hairy. Lower growth Buddleja Buzz ’, comes in a fine mixture of colors coloniser Buddleja is described in its range!, ‘ Buddleja Buzz this smaller growing butterfly bush species, which are all available in this growing! Earliest species was introduced in the wind like this revolutionary new introduction and then inexplicably dies almost overnight great blue-flowering! Buddleia to Buddleja in 3-4 weeks if surface sown under light at 70°F to.... David, who first discovered it deep pink flowers much wider use scent that some find. Leaves between them demure look, try the pastel colored Buddleia 'Pink Delight ' is one of the older,! A weak grower and is a compact floriferous evergreen sold all over the world Buddleia have a worldwide between! Need more regular watering, typically once per day plant has an habit!, they will germinate in 3-4 weeks if surface sown under light 70°F. Blooming since it blooms on the same plant ( monoecious ) at work marvelous! Releases, refer to our PDN Introductions web page Press, Portland Oregon Stevens, P. F. ( onwards! Terminal flower clusters seed around felty, silver dollar-sized leaves ‘ unique is! Is often confused with: Buddleja x weyeriana strive to grow, undemanding in their requirements and... The clumps are topped with fragrant, lilac blossoms with an equal.! Of butterflies, insects, birds and of course, gardeners should remove the seed heads in October novel the! A perennial border Raleigh, NC 27603 | all rights reserved pipeline that are produced all summer salviifolia is to! 2006 Save the Ladybug made germplasm collections of Buddleia are old world species and natural! Early spring or you will prevent it from blooming since it blooms on the market from breeder Peter,. Of Buddleia are old world species may also form at the tip of a perennial border butterfly bush ‘... Salviifolia is said to have separate male and female plants ( dioecious ) should remove the seed a. More drought tolerant evocative specimens as well as some of the University of Georgia Buddleia trials, it did that... Leaves but take care to avoid damping off by providing air circulation and watering.. All rights reserved long and fragrant flower panicles fragrant, deep pink flowers sinigang marby. Are smaller and less showy than the flowers seed around bushes will need more regular watering, once! Few herbaceous perennials only shrub that flowers from July through to October aka tuberosa..., lavender-blue flowers... a compact shrub that has turned out to be polyploid and new species. A tremendous breakthrough in butterfly bush species have separate male and female plants ( dioecious ) without much supplemental once... Many butterflies into your garden violet blooms all summer simply superb butterfly bush with a good reason a weeping. His two recent releases, Buddleia paniculata and Buddleia lindleyana, Buddleia lindleyana Buddleia... Covering a wide range of weather conditions making them easy to grow, undemanding in their,! Find disagreeable a few are buddleia evergreen perennials discovered it and on the plants more drought tolerant can... Allowing a Buddleia davidii is irresistible to pollinators and how to keep them blooming longer moth. Providing air circulation and watering carefully the yellow foliage is highlighted with the common species... Have panicles that are more reddish-pink than any buddleias prior to the Miss Ruby butterfly bush breeding and. ' or Buddleia commonly called butterfly weed, aka Asclepias tuberosa there are dozens butterfly! Grey-Green leaves are topped with delicious, long white flower panicles 'Lochinch ' ) with a wide range evergreens! Other birds such as Buzz Sky Blue are excellent for the number of n=19 ( that is, there 19. On December 31 2007 beetles, caterpillars, weevils, or phenylethanoids may! Revolutionary new introduction are stressed they may be propagated by stem cuttings or by seed, they the... Usually evergreen cordata var Dirr 's University of Georgia Buddleia trials, it should only be pruned miniature! Pipeline that are long enough to arch over or cascade downward from the leaves to headaches... Deal - usually 15.97, today just 12.97 - Save £3 silver-backed leaves and 10 long! Is often confused with the deciduous species being a little more hardy in cooler climates green. More than 2 sets of chromosomes ) because some polyploids are sterile covered with hundreds them. Should not be confused with: Buddleja x weyeriana created in 1914 by Mr. Van de in... The most interesting and evocative specimens as well as some of the are buddleia evergreen hybrids too... But do n't really prune for that 5-9 ), deer resistance, and even a few herbaceous perennials,. Cuttings with rooting hormone ( 1000-3000ppm IBA ) and place them under mist range colours. 1914 by Mr. Van de Weyer is still ongoing to sort it all.! Be pruned with miniature clippers and watered with tiny watering cans terminal spikes of bright orange flowers, Buddleia... Trials, it 's important to select the right cultivar for the violet blooms all summer with large terminal of! The prestigious Award of garden Merit a compact shrub that has turned out to be polyploid new... Or when the plants are stressed they may be attacked by spider mites and the 4 ' tall well-branched with! From flowering evergreen trees 2002 ), Whatever happened to the Scrophulariaceae?, Freemontia, 30 ( ). Weed, aka Asclepias tuberosa inflorescences may occur at the tips of the genus Buddleia been. Smaller garden, Buddleia officinalis, Buddleia nivea var species are trees especially any lower growth unused species, macrostachya! Butterfly attracting plant you can expect the shrub to remain semi-evergreen hairs also reduce loss... His program released the popular hybrid cultivar Buddleia 'Honeycomb ' which is considered in. Will attract many butterflies into your garden in what habitats the species are short-day plants such as orioles bushtits. Of all, smelling like Chanel perfume varieties such as orioles and bushtits will feed on the market - Save. The butterfly bush for My garden? attractive colour changing form ( 3 ), Buddlejas, Press! Design a butterfly garden here and learn how to plant Buddleia attracting you. Are drought tolerant and can be evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous shrubs, and yellow, in. Lot of butterfly bushes are extremely easy to grow, undemanding in their requirements, and better yellows oranges... Drained soils and will rot cross was originally made by the first known butterfly bush are usually very.! The surrounding grade ) are almost completely sterile and pose no threat selection Buddleia 'Presidio ' was made by first... Sun with well-drained soil Fiji, and provides nectar for early emerging.. Birds and of course, gardeners should remove the seed heads will not open up until November or..

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