The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of saffron as a natural sunscreen and moisturizer. The study sought to explore these critical issues at the Kumasi South Hospital (KSH) and outline the challenges and motivations of the integration process. The country has an area of 238,530 square kilometres and lies between latitudes 4°44' and 11°11'N and â¦ Medicinal Plants, a critical factor in wild harvesting is the availability of cheap labour to undertake the very labour intensive work of gathering. Agents Chemotherap., 2002, 2518-2524. The action of essential oils on the resistance to anoikis through by soft agar method, their effect on cell migration by Scratch test and their action on the cell cycle by protein analysis by Western Blot. A, means to reîne, extend, and enhance the beneîcial, hand, it is possible that components of the diîerent plant, extracts used in combination may produce positive inter-, actions leading to complementarity in obser, eîects that are more eîective than single components admin-, istered at equal doses. Chrysanthellum americanum (L.) Vatke, Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk and Vernonia colorata (Willd.) In book: Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement: Medicinal plants (pp.221-246), Publisher: CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group. therefore indirectly also affects plant growth and develop- ment.Inthisstudy,about91%ofthehealersharvestmedicinal plants in areas of flat topography while about 9% â¦ An ethnobotanical survey was carried out in Ngai subcounty in Apac District. The research was to investigate the quality standards and harvesting procedures of some medicinal plant parts used in herbal preparations by herbalists in the region. Plant Res., 2 (3):372-380. GHAFTRAM has members from all parts, in herbal medicine which complements university training, with hands-on internships at a herbal medicine research, centre as well as herbal and allopathic practitioners has been, herbal clinics established within public hospitals to wo, îe foregoing measures emphasize that TAMs continue, to play a signiîcant role in the treatment of various d. ders including those of CNS/PNS origin [îîâîî]. Ethnopharmacological Studies of Plants with Anagelsic Properties. Search by Local Name . Forty-one species belonging to 17 families were encountered during the study. They are not easily accessible to the public.  C. Ohrt et al., Antimicrob. A guided questionnaire interview approach was used: during the interviews conducted in both English and Twi, a, of plant materials used, the methods of preparation, the local, one had to be a (a) TMP practicing in Ghana, potentially, some level of knowledge on products used in treating such, patients or (b) registered member of GHAFTRAM willing to, and all participants duly signed informed consen, using Internet search engines (such as goog, journal databases such as Medline, Embase, Scopus, and, lyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences version, were males and îî.î% were females. Parasitol., 121, 144-150. isolated and used as medicines, either alone or in combination. DOI: 10.5860/choice.31-5446 Corpus ID: 78745534. Medicinal plants constitute an extremely important resource for the development of the global pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and fragrance industry. enriched extract from Rauwolîa vomitoria, Disease and Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa, edition, îîîî, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK, and antiinîammatory activities of the ethyl acetate fraction of. Trypanosoma brucei parasites are a group of kinetoplastid protozoa which devastate health and economic well-being of millions of people in Africa Most of the herbalists (56%) did not replant after harvesting. îe increased reliance, indicate that there is an urgent need for the preservation and, extensive investigation of these products to, clinical eîectiveness. Medicinal herbs used traditionally represent the best option for obtaining effective anti-inflammatory therapeutics. world-wide. The most consumed of thymus is as medicine, food flavoring and herbal tea in Iran. compounds of interest to drug discovery and development. Background: were all used in the. The results of this work show that essential oils of some aromatic medicinal plants from Burkina Faso have anti-tumor potential on LNCaP and PC-3 cell lines of prostate cancer, and the SF-767 and SF-763 glioblastoma cell lines. Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Foods & Medicinal Plants in Ghana. A list of plants commonly cited for their medicinal uses in Ghana has also been given. TheImportanceofMedicalPlantsinGhana 3 2.3. There is an urgent nee, who might be interested in further study on medicinal plants in Ghana a, We do not recommend under any circumstance, Busia, K. 2005. Neurological disorders are one of the greatest threats to public health and according to the World Health Organization, about 100 million people are affected globally by several neurological and mental ailments. Medicinal Plants Used in the Treatment of Menta, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology, K, Received 11 September 2018; Accepted 29 November 2018; Published 20 December 2018, License, which permits unrestricted use, distrib, developing countrieswhere cultural factors and limited access to sta, an ethnobotanical description of plant species used in treating men. Most patients were not aware of the herbal clinic in the hospital but those who had utilized services of the herbal clinic viewed the clinic as part of the hospital. Although the burden of neurological disorders is highest among populations in developing countries there is a dearth of data on the clinical spectrum of these disorders. inîammatory eîects of Mangifera indica L. extract (Vimang). markets, resulting in the low patronage of these products. Medicinal Plant-based functional foods or plant-based dietary compounds are a re-emerged interest for their therapeutic benefits and nutritive supports which has implicated in healthcare systems across the world. plant is mediated via the peripheral nervous system, îî, pp. The results indicated that, there was no significant difference between the SPF values of the 4% saffron lotion and the homosalate lotion reference. Members of the, economically important products including cooking oils, some members synthesizing alkaloids useful against high, cardiac glycosides that aîect heart func, Meliaceae, on the other hand, is known for its species that are, processed into important products including vegetable oil, as, well as phytochemicals with anti-inîammato. Box LG 55 Legon, Ghana. However, indigenous knowledge about herbal medicines of many Ghanaian cultures has not yet been investigated. Literature review was conducted to verify the experimentally validated pharmacological importance of the reported plants. than î million people reportedly die each year due to stroke, with over î î% of these deaths occurring in low- and middle-. (Fabaceae), and Persea Americana Mill (Lauraceae) being the most studied anticonvulsants. Simulations using harvested and unharvested populations yielded significantly different estimates of maximum sustainable harvest limits, indicating that methods for calculating maximum harvest limits that assume linear responses to harvest may lead to erroneous conclusions. Tel: +233244128800. Given the high proportion of patients using herbal medicine in Ghana, some health facilities have initiated implementation of herbal medicine as a component of their healthcare delivery. On the other hand. They are used in the form of crude drugs, which are dried parts of the medicinal plants (root, stem, wood, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds, and, in some cases, whole plants) or their extracts. profile, Total phenol content and total flavonoid content of both plants were performed using standard methods. , vol. Present review provides a thorough insight, Mt. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Patrick Addo-Fordjour, All content in this area was uploaded by Patrick Addo-Fordjour on Nov 17, 2017, Genetic Resources, Chromosome Engineering, and Cr, The use of plants as medicines started many hundreds of years ago but it w, expensive and more accessible to a majority, The tropical forest and savannah ecosystems in Gha, 2005; Asase et al. Saffron can be used as a natural UV absorbing agent. A total of 280 interviews were conducted with traditional health practitioners and knowledgeable villagers. C. citratus and citral also lead repression of Rb, activation of p21 and P27 of cycle. Contents FOREWORD 1. Keywords: Traditional medicine, herbal remedies, conservation, ghana Address for Correspondence: Alex Asase, Department of Botany, University of Ghana, P. O. Only essential oils of C. giganteus, C. citratus, O. basilicum, Z. officinale, L. multiflora and A. conyzoides showed antiproliferative properties. (Annonaceae), Ozoroa insignis (Anacardiaceae), Strychnos innocua (Loganiaceae), Strychnos spinosa (Loganiaceae) and Xeroderris stuhlmannii (Leguminosae) have not previously been documented for the treatment of malaria in Ghana. This study has shown the efficacy of both plants as alternative herbal treatments. Different parts of the plants like roots, stem, bark, leaves, flowers and seeds contain active compounds with potential anti-inflammatory properties. The reasons for the continued dependence of Africans on traditional medicine range from their belief systems to the relatively high cost and limited access to Western medicine. Qualitative phenomenological exploratory study design involving fieldwork observations, focus group discussion, in-depth interviews and key informantsâ interviews was employed to collect data. In this study, the behavioural effects of methanolic extract of Ficus ingens (Miquel) Miquel stem bark were investigated in mice at doses of 75, 150 and 300 mg/kg, using diazepam-induced sleeping time, hole board test, beam walking assay, elevated plus maze, elevated zero maze and staircase test in mice. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. 40K present in some selected medicinal plants commonly used in Ghana from the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine (CSRPM) at Mampong-Akuapem in the Eastern Region and to assess the radiological risk associated with the use of these medicinal plants. The most commonly harvested plant parts were leaves (40.3 %). This paper therefore provides an overview of traditional African medicine with a view to highlighting its many great benefits vis-à-vis the drawbacks of orthodox medicine. There were no significant differences of skin moisture contents after application of the saffron lotions and the control base lotion without saffron. Uses of wild and cultivated Plants Intermediate Technology Publication and the Royal Botanical Garden. Nchanwu is a perennial plant that is common in Asia and Africa. Plant Res., 2 (3):372-380. The most encountered medicinal plant families were Asteraceae and Lamiaceae. http://www.ethnoleaets.com/index2005.htm. & Hohen is one of the medicinal herbs native of Iran. However, it appears that not enough research, policy and public health attention has been paid to the neurological burdens associated with NTDs. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. medicinal plants from four selected districts in Ashanti region of Ghana Kofi Sarpong1, Emmanuel Dartey1 , Harrison Dapaah2 1Faculty of Science and Environment Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana. Plants. sustainable use of medicinal plants in Ghana centred on a broad approach involving development of medicinal plant gardens at the two Botanic Gardens (Aburi and ACcra). To enhance their effectiveness, medicinal plants are used in combinations to treat various ailments and the extent of knowledge of medicinal plant mixing determines the success of a traditional healer. Jiri located in the southwestern part of Korea is a treasure trove of wild medicinal plants. Elaeis guineensis (fruit). Although limited studies have been conducted to, and Africa, headache is quite common among Africans and, is oîen exacerbated by the hot climate in most African, countries [îîâîî]. î, pp. Paullinia pinnata : Roots are used â¦  S. Izumiyama et al. According to the economic importance of thyme, identify of morphological characteristics and essential oil content is important in different populations. These diseases are concentrated in rural areas, conflict zones and urban slums in Africa and other tropical areas. Traditional herbal practitioners are readily accessible throughout rural Ghana however; these traditional medical practitioners harvest plants of medicinal value from nearby forests indiscriminately without replacement, which put the existence of many of these plants in jeopardy. The results revealed that the extract significantly (P<0.0005) prolonged the duration of diazepam-induced sleep without any effect on the latency to sleep at all the doses tested. You can browse alphabetically by common names, to find information on a popular herb like ginger, or find it listed by its botanical name, Zingiber officinale. 1812 adults enrolled for care in the neurology out-patient service between 2011 and 2013. C. americanum showed the best value of 0.96 Â± 0.11 mg QE/100mg of extract for total flavonols content. Some plants such as Allium sativum, Aloe vera and Ocimum gratissimum are topically applied on the affected body parts. Commonwealth Lecture Theatre, University of Ghana, as part of traditional medicine week celebrations, ... A number of countries are exploring the possibility of developing their own traditional health care system (with plants playing a central role) as an alternative to conventional health care systems which are usually expensive and unaffordable to the vast majority of their citizenry. Because of low socio-economic empowerment, traditional beliefs and cultural barriers, the suffering people resort to use of herbal remedies in search of cure especially for rural women who rarely discuss/disclose diseases affecting secretive body parts. This comprised of 882 males and 930 females (male: female ratio of 1.0: 1.1) with an overall median age of 54 (IQR, 39-69) years. Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, L. (Lamiaceae) were the most commonly mentio, L. (Verbenaceae) was the most-reported anxiolytic product, with. Medicinal plants used in the treatment of fungal and bacterial infections in and around Queen Elizabeth Biosphere Reserve, western Uganda, Medicinal plants used by communities of Ngai Subcounty, Apac District, northern Ugand, Medical provision in Africa - Past and present, The fate of lianas following wildfires in a tropical moist semi-deciduous forest, Ghana, Inflammation: A Multidimensional Insight on Natural Anti-Inflammatory Therapeutic Compounds, Anti-wrinkle Effect of Herbal Medicine Plant and Its Applications in Cosmetics, Cultivation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. In Africa, indigenous medicine is usually the most important form of treatment, a culturally accepted practice that forms part of a diverse local health system. Place, Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Screening Ghanaian Medicinal Plants for Antipsychotic Properties, Medicinal Plant-based Functional Foods for the Management of Neurological Health, Antinociceptive and antioxidant potential of the crude ethanol extract of the leaves of Ageratum conyzoides grown in Bangladesh, Integrating biomedical and herbal medicine in Ghana - experiences from the Kumasi South Hospital: A qualitative study, In vitro antimycobacterial and cytotoxic data on medicinal plants used to treat tuberculosis, Profile of neurological disorders in an adult neurology clinic in Kumasi, Ghana, Anti-trypanosomal Activities and Mechanisms of Action of Novel Tetracyclic Iridoids from Morinda lucida Benth, Disregard of neurological impairments associated with neglected tropical diseases in Africa, Influence of Rauwolfia vomitoria Root Bark Extract on Cardiac Enzymes of Normal Wistar Albino Rats, Antioxidant, enzyme inhibition activities and polyphenol contents of three Asteraceae species used in Burkina faso traditionally medicine, Mechanistic evidence of Passiflora edulis (Passifloraceae) anxiolytic activity in relation to its metabolite fingerprint as revealed via LC-MS and chemometrics, Mechanism underlying the spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory effects of the fruit juice of Morinda citrifolia. Bangladesh have therapeutic values (Yusuf et al.. 1994 and Ghana, 1998). î, pp.  C. Lambros and J. P. Vanderberg. Cola . Properties and Uses of over 400 common herbs and medicinal plants listed by botanical or common names. Unfortunately, the very foundation upon which the medicinal plant species and the traditional health care system survive is threatened by deforestation. of a wide array of diseases including tuberculosis, malaria, and inîammatory disorders [îî, îî, îî]. 2005; Addo-Fordjour et al. used TK to document information on medicinal, veterinary, food and pest control uses of numerous woody plants in West Africa (Dalziel, 1937; Irvine, 1961; Ayensu, 1978; Abbiw, 1990). The sun protection factors (SPFs) of the formulations were determined by an in vitro spectrophotometry method. It has deleterious effects on its patients and may result in death if not managed properly. Harvesting of such species should be regulated by the forestry commission of Ghana. This article contains data on in vitro antimycobacterial activity and cytotoxicity of hydroethanolic crude extracts from five selected medicinal plant species traditionally used to treat tuberculosis in Ghanaian ethnomedicine, see âMedicinal plants used to treat TB in Ghanaâ . The most commonly harvested plant parts were leaves (88.1%) and roots (23.9%). îî âîî, îîîî. The promotion and the associated challenges of medicinal plants in Ghana have also been discussed. Results . An ethnobotanical survey was carried out in some districts namely, Akuapem North and South, Kwahu South and the Afram Plains of the Eastern Region of Ghana. An evaluation of local community participation in forest resources conservation in some selected districts of Ghana, Effects of Variation on Harvest Limits for Nontimber Forest Species in Mexico, Diversity and conservation of medicinal plants in the Bomaa community of the Brong Ahafo region, Ghana, Quality and Harvesting Specifications of Some Medicinal Plant Parts Set Up By Some Herbalists in the Eastern Region of Ghana, Ethnobotanical Study of Some Ghanaian Anti-Malarial Plants. Whilst biomedical health workers perceived the system to be parallel than integrated, health personnel providing herbal medicine perceived the system as integrated. americanum LinnÃ¦us, Hyptis spicigera Lamarck, Lippia multiflora Moldenk, Ageratum conyzoides LinnÃ¦us, Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnhardt and Zingiber officinale Roscoe of Burkina Faso. Others had reported sedative, anti-Alzheimerâs disease, motor coordination, antipsychotic, antidepressant, cognitive enhancement, and neuroprotective properties. Maximum harvest rates of ramets from secondary forest populations were much higher than from primary-forest populations. In assessing, disorders in an adult neurology clinic in Ghana, clinicians, the frequency was found to be relatively low [îî]. While Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) and Ocimum gratissimum L. (Lamiaceae) were the most commonly mentioned species with analgesic properties, Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae) was the most-reported anxiolytic product, with Cymbopogon citratus DC. îîîâîîî, îîîî. Sort by Category . Taken together, this study confirms the antimalarial activities of Nefang and has identified extract pairs with possible positive interactions for exploitation towards a rational, evidence-based and phytotherapeutic drug discovery in malaria. A number of medicinal plants have been used by traditional healers in the management of many ailments for many years, ... Habitat of this plant is wide areas of Iran such as the high lands of western, northwestern, central and south areas (Rechinger, 1982). Thus, the planting of diverse population in the equal environmental conditions will reduce the environmental impacts on incidence of vegetative traits, also better reveals the diversity of genetical differences between populations. î, pp. This study seeks to look into the anti-asthmatic as well as the anti-inflammatory effects of the fruit juice of Morinda citrifolia, a plant used by traditional medicine practitioners in the management of asthma in Ghana. (multi-drug resistant) strains of P. falciparum were analyzed using the SYBR Green 1-based fluorescence assay [2, 3], and the interactions between various extract pairs analyzed using a fixed-ratio drug combination approach . This study will provide a basis for future studies to develop safflower extracts using advanced composition technology and contribute to the development of the herbal cosmetics industry. Collected from the plant of Mangifera indica L. extract ( Vimang ) believed. Canal besides oral administration as integrated compounds with potential anti-inflammatory properties acknowledgement: Thanks go to Institut,. And Ocimum gratissimum ( scent leaf ) for both nutritional and medicinal purposes are sometimes destroyed the! The foremost edibles grown in Ghana have also been given used in remote... Awareness of forest conservations in southern part of Korea is a perennial that... Large effect on maximum harvest limits using matrix-model projections of unharvested populations commonly used plant part and. Accuracy of estimating maximum harvest rates whilst biomedical health workers perceived the system be... 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